All cameras from compact to DSLRs will have different functions from each other. The brand and the model of the camera will vary when it comes to their technical settings. While each camera has different functionalities, we can still find that a lot of the cameras will have the following standard settings.
First of all, when you first purchase any camera, the settings are already on automatic. You will find this setting under the name “AUTO” by the shutter wheel button. An automatic setting means that the camera will instantly make all the decisions when capturing a photo or video. It will help you auto correct the aperture, ISO, shutter speed, flash and the white balance.
You can find the manual setting under the letter “M”. The settings enable you to control every little detail in your shot including the shutter speed, exposure, ISO, etc. Technically it is the opposite of automatic settings as you have full control of everything.
The portrait settings is an icon that represents a person’s head. It’s perfect for shooting people’s images as it autofocus on one or two more people. Most portrait settings will blur out the background scenes and focuses on the subject. Depending on the brand of your camera, some can even enhance your image. Furthermore, it does not only take shots of people but it can also capture any subject such as pets or furniture.
The sports setting is ideal for subjects that are moving. For example, this is useful when an object is running or more likely to move. The settings work best during daylight due to the shutter speed. The ISO appears to be from 400 to 500.
The night setting is great for dark surroundings. It comes with a flashlight to illuminate the subject in the picture. Usually, the ISO is set to a high level to let in more light.